Volume 566, June 2014
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||17 June 2014|
Radiation-pressure-driven dust waves inside bursting interstellar bubbles
Leiden Observatory, Leiden University,
PO Box 9513, 2300
2 Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, K.U. Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, bus 2401, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
3 Université de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, IRAP, 31028 Toulouse, France
4 Sterrenkundig Instituut Anton Pannekoek, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, PO Box 94249, 1090 GE Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Accepted: 10 April 2014
Massive stars drive the evolution of the interstellar medium through their radiative and mechanical energy input. After their birth, they form “bubbles” of hot gas surrounded by a dense shell. Traditionally, the formation of bubbles is explained through the input of a powerful stellar wind, even though direct evidence supporting this scenario is lacking. Here we explore the possibility that interstellar bubbles seen by the Spitzer- and Herschel space telescopes, blown by stars with log (L/L⊙) ≲ 5.2, form and expand because of the thermal pressure that accompanies the ionization of the surrounding gas. We show that density gradients in the natal cloud or a puncture in the swept-up shell lead to an ionized gas flow through the bubble into the general interstellar medium, which is traced by a dust wave near the star, which demonstrates the importance of radiation pressure during this phase. Dust waves provide a natural explanation for the presence of dust inside H II bubbles, offer a novel method to study dust in H II regions and provide direct evidence that bubbles are relieving their pressure into the interstellar medium through a champagne flow, acting as a probe of the radiative interaction of a massive star with its surroundings. We explore a parameter space connecting the ambient density, the ionizing source luminosity, and the position of the dust wave, while using the well studied H II bubbles RCW 120 and RCW 82 as benchmarks of our model. Finally, we briefly examine the implications of our study for the environments of super star clusters formed in ultraluminous infrared galaxies, merging galaxies, and the early Universe, which occur in very luminous and dense environments and where radiation pressure is expected to dominate the dynamical evolution.
Key words: ISM: bubbles / HII regions / infrared: ISM / hydrodynamics / ISM: kinematics and dynamics / dust, extinction
© ESO, 2014
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.