Volume 566, June 2014
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Published online||18 June 2014|
HALOGAS observations of NGC 4414: fountains, interaction, and ram pressure
1 Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy (ASTRON), Postbus 2, 7990 AA Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
2 Astrophysics, Cosmology and Gravity Centre, Department of Astronomy, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, 7701 Rondebosch, South Africa
3 Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, University of Groningen, PO Box 800, 9700 AV, Groningen, The Netherlands
4 Department of Astronomy, New Mexico State University, PO Box 30001, MSC 4500, Las Cruces, NM 88003, USA
5 Sterrenkundig Observatorium, Universiteit Gent, Krijgslaan 281, 9000 Gent, Belgium
6 Department of Physics and Astrophysics, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
7 Astronomisches Institut Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätstrasse 150, 44801 Bochum, Germany
8 CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, Australia Telescope National Facility, PO Box 76, Epping, NSW 1710, Australia
9 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of New Mexico, 1919 Lomas Blvd NE, Albuquerque, NM 87131-1156, USA
Received: 21 August 2013
Accepted: 29 April 2014
We present deep H i imaging of the nearby spiral galaxy NGC 4414, taken as part of the Westerbork HALOGAS (Hydrogen Accretion in LOcal GAlaxieS) survey. The observations show that NGC 4414 can be characterized by a regularly rotating inner H i disk, and a more disturbed outer disk. Modeling of the kinematics shows that the outer disk is best described by a U-shaped warp. Deep optical imaging also reveals the presence of a low surface brightness stellar shell, indicating a minor interaction with a dwarf galaxy at some stage in the past. Modeling of the inner disk suggests that about 4 percent of the inner H i is in the form of extra-planar gas. Because of the disturbed nature of the outer disk, this number is difficult to constrain for the galaxy as a whole. These new, deep observations of NGC 4414 presented here show that even apparently undisturbed galaxies are interacting with their environment.
Key words: galaxies: halos / galaxies: ISM / galaxies: kinematics and dynamics / galaxies: individual: NGC 4414 / galaxies: structure
© ESO, 2014
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