Volume 565, May 2014
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||12 May 2014|
ALMA resolves turbulent, rotating [CII] emission in a young starburst galaxy at z = 4.8
European Southern Observatory,
Karl Schwarzschild Straße 2,
2 Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge, 19 J. J. Thomson Avenue, Cambridge CB3 0HE, UK
3 Institute for Computational Cosmology, Durham University, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
4 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, UK
5 Centre for Astrophysics, Science & Technology Research Institute, University of Hertfordshire, Hatfield AL10 9AB, UK
6 Research Center for Space and Cosmic Evolution, Ehime University, Bunkyo-cho 2-5, Matsuyama, 790-8577 Ehime, Japan
7 Max-Planck Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
8 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
Accepted: 3 April 2014
We present spatially resolved Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) [Cii] observations of the z = 4.7555 submillimetre galaxy, ALESS 73.1. Our 0.̋5 FWHM map resolves the [Cii] emitting gas which is centred close to the active galactic nucleus (AGN). The gas kinematics are dominated by rotation but with high turbulence, vrot/σint ~ 3.1, and a Toomre Q parameter <1 throughout the disk. By fitting three independent thin rotating disk models to our data, we derive a total dynamical mass of 3 ± 2 × 1010 M⊙. This is close to the molecular gas mass derived from previous CO(2-1) observations, and implies a CO to H2 conversion factor αCO < 2.3 M⊙ (K km s-1 pc2)-1. The mass budget also constrains the stellar mass to <3.1 × 1010 M⊙, and entails a gas fraction of fgas ≳ 0.4. The diameter of the dust continuum emission is <2 kpc, while the star-formation rate is as high as 1000 M⊙ yr-1. Combined with our stellar mass constraint, this implies an extreme specific star formation rate >80 Gyr-1, especially since there are no clear indications of recent merger activity. Finally, our high signal-to-noise [Cii] measurement revises the observed [Nii]/[Cii] ratio, which suggests a close to solar metallicity, unless the [Cii] flux contains significant contributions from Hii regions. Our observations suggest that ALESS73.1 is a nascent galaxy undergoing its first major burst of star formation, embedded within an unstable but metal-rich gas disk.
Key words: galaxies: high-redshift / galaxies: starburst / galaxies: kinematics and dynamics / galaxies: ISM
© ESO, 2014
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