Volume 635, March 2020
|Number of page(s)||15|
|Published online||18 March 2020|
Extended Hα over compact far-infrared continuum in dusty submillimeter galaxies
Insights into dust distributions and star-formation rates at z ∼ 2
European Southern Observatory, Karl Schwarzschild Strasse 2, Garching, Germany
2 Academia Sinica Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, PO Box 23-141, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
3 School of Mathematics, Statistics and Physics, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, UK
4 Centre for Extragalactic Astronomy, Department of Physics, Durham University, South Road, Durham DH1 3LE, UK
5 Institute for Astronomy, University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Blackford Hill, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, UK
6 Physics Department, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA14YB, UK
7 Department of Astronomy & Astrophysics, 525 Davey Lab, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
8 Institute for Gravitation and the Cosmos, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
9 Department of Physics, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
10 Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, PO Box 9513, 2300 Leiden, The Netherlands
11 Department of Physics & Astronomy, University of Victoria, BC V8X 4M6 Victoria, Canada
12 Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2, Canada
13 NRC Herzberg Astronomy and Astrophysics, 5071 West Saanich Road, Victoria, BC V9E 2E7, Canada
14 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, Canada
15 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC), 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
16 Universidad de La Laguna, Dpto. Astrofísica, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
17 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Hawaii, 2505 Correa Road, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
18 Institute for Astronomy, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
19 Astronomical Observatory Institute, Faculty of Physics, Adam Mickiewicz University, ul. Słoneczna 36, 60-286 Poznań, Poland
20 Max – Planck Institut für Astronomie, Königstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
21 The University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester M139PL, UK
Accepted: 5 February 2020
By using data from the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array and near-infrared (NIR) integral field spectrographs, including both Spectrograph for INtegral Field Observations in the Near Infrared and K-band Multi Object Spectrograph on the Very Large Telescope, we investigate the two-dimensional distributions of Hα and rest-frame far-infrared (FIR) continuum in six submillimeter galaxies (SMGs) at z ∼ 2. At a similar spatial resolution (∼0.″5 FWHM; ∼4.5 kpc at z = 2), we find that the half-light radius of Hα is significantly larger than that of the FIR continuum in half of the sample, and on average Hα is a median factor of 2.0 ± 0.4 larger. Having explored various ways to correct for the attenuation, we find that the attenuation-corrected Hα-based star-formation rates (SFRs) are systematically lower than the infrared (IR)-based SFRs by at least a median factor of 3 ± 1, which cannot be explained by the difference in half-light radius alone. In addition, we find that in 40% of cases the total V-band attenuation (AV) derived from energy balance modeling of the full ultraviolet (UV)-to-FIR spectral energy distributions (SEDs) is significantly higher than what is derived from SED modeling using only the UV-to-NIR part of the SEDs, and the discrepancy appears to increase with increasing total infrared luminosity. Finally, in considering all of our findings along with the studies in the literature, we postulate that the dust distributions in SMGs, and possibly also in less IR luminous z ∼ 2 massive star-forming galaxies, can be decomposed into the following three main components: the diffuse dust heated by older stellar populations, the more obscured and extended young star-forming H II regions, and the heavily obscured central regions that have a low filling factor but dominate the infrared luminosity in which the majority of attenuation cannot be probed via UV-to-NIR emissions.
Key words: galaxies: formation / galaxies: ISM / galaxies: high-redshift / galaxies: structure / galaxies: star formation / submillimeter: galaxies
© ESO 2020
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