Volume 564, April 2014
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||10 April 2014|
Cross-calibration of the XMM-Newton EPIC pn and MOS on-axis effective areas using 2XMM sources
1 Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Leicester University, Leicester LE1 7RH, UK
2 XMM-Newton Science Operations Centre, ESAC, Apartado 78, 28691 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain
Received: 14 January 2014
Accepted: 13 March 2014
Aims. We aim to examine the relative cross-calibration accuracy of the on-axis effective areas of the XMM-Newton EPIC pn and MOS instruments.
Methods. Spectra from a sample of 46 bright, high-count, non-piled-up, isolated on-axis point sources are stacked together, and model residuals are examined to characterize the EPIC MOS-to-pn inter-calibration.
Results. The MOS1-to-pn and MOS2-to-pn results are broadly very similar. The cameras show the closest agreement below 1 keV, with MOS excesses over pn of 0–2% (MOS1/pn) and 0–3% (MOS2/pn). Above 3 keV, the MOS/pn ratio is consistent with energy-independent (or only mildly increasing) excesses of 7–8% (MOS1/pn) and 5–8% (MOS2/pn). In addition, between 1–2 keV there is a “silicon bump” − an enhancement at a level of 2–4% (MOS1/pn) and 3–5% (MOS2/pn). Tests suggest that the methods employed here are stable and robust.
Conclusions. The results presented here provide the most accurate cross-calibration of the effective areas of the XMM-Newton EPIC pn and MOS instruments to date. They suggest areas of further research where causes of the MOS-to-pn differences might be found, and allow the potential for corrections and possible rectification of the EPIC cameras to be made in the future.
Key words: instrumentation: detectors / instrumentation: miscellaneous / telescopes / X-rays: general
© ESO, 2014
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