Astrometric results of observations of mutual occultations and eclipses of the Uranian satellites in 2007
1 Institut de Mécanique Céleste et de
Calcul des Éphémérides, Observatoire de Paris, UPMC, USTL, UMR 8028 du CNRS,
2 Lomonosov Moscow State University, Sternberg Astronomical Institute, 13 Universitetskij prospect, 119992 Moscow, Russia
3 TUBITAK National Observatory, Akdeniz Universitesi Yerleskesi, 07058 Antalya, Turkey
4 Ager, Lleida, Spain
5 Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bangalore, India
6 Institut de Ciències de l’Espai (CSIC-IEEC), Campus UAB, Facultat de Ciències, Torre C5 parell 2n pis, 08193 Bellaterra, Catalunya, Spain
7 Marseille, France
8 ESO, Chile
9 Covington, Seattle, WA, USA
10 L’Ampolla, Tarragona, Spain, E. Forné died in September 2011
11 Apache Point Observatory, 2001 Apache Point Road, PO Box 59, Sunspot, NM, USA
12 Indian Hill Observatory, Huntsburg, Ohio, USA
13 LESIA-Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Université Paris-Diderot, 11 rue Marcelin Berthelot, 92195 Meudon Cedex, France
14 Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR 7293, Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Côte d’ Azur, France
15 Observatório Nacional/MCTI, R. General José Cristino 77, CEP 20.921-200 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil
16 Universidad de Monterrey, Departamento de Fisica y Matematicas, Av. I. Morones Prieto 4500 Pte., San Pedro Garza Garcia, N.L., CP 66238, Mexico
17 Planétarium de Saint-Etienne, 28 rue Ponchardier, 42100 Saint-Étienne, France
18 Observatório do Valongo/UFRJ, Ladeira Pedro Antonio 43, CEP 20.080-090 Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brazil .
19 Department of Astronomy and Geodesy, Kazan Federal University, Kremlevskaya Str., 18, Kazan, 420008, Russia
Accepted: 27 June 2013
Context. The photometry of mutual occultations and eclipses of natural planetary satellites can be used to infer very accurate astrometric data. This can be achieved by processing the light curves of the satellites observed during international campaigns of photometric observations of these mutual events.
Aims. This work focuses on processing the complete database of photometric observations of the mutual occultations and eclipses of the Uranian satellites made during the international campaign in 2007. The final goal is to derive new accurate astrometric data.
Methods. We used an accurate photometric model of mutual events that explicitly depends on parameters that these accurate observations should be sensitive to, including the albedos of the satellites. Our original method is applied to derive astrometric data in relative positions from photometric observations of mutual occultations and eclipses of the Uranian satellites.
Results. We process the 41 light-curves obtained during the international campaign of photometric observations of the Uranian satellites in 2007. The root-mean-square (rms) of the residuals “observations minus calculations” (O–C) with respect to theory for the best 34 observations are equal to 10.3 and 17.7 mas in right ascension and declination, respectively. For five observations only the position angle was derived. Topocentric or heliocentric angular differences for satellites pairs were obtained from 25 central instant offsets between observation and theory during the time period from May 4, 2007 to January 4, 2008.
Conclusions. The rms of the residuals is from 10 to 20 mas that corresponds in situ to 10 to 20 km. These mutual event observations appear to be the most accurate astrometric ground-based observations of the major Uranian satellites to-date and should be used for dynamical purposes.
Key words: ephemerides / planets and satellites: general
© ESO, 2013