Volume 552, April 2013
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||25 March 2013|
Porous dust grains in debris disks
Institut für Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Christian-Albrechts – Universität zu Kiel, Leibnizstraße 15, 24098 Kiel, Germany
Received: 2 October 2012
Accepted: 25 January 2013
Aims. When modeling the density and grain size distribution in debris disks, the minimum particle size is often significantly larger than the corresponding blowout size. While the dust particles are usually modeled as compact, homogenous spheres, we instead investigate the impact of porosity. The optical properties of porous particles are determined, and the influences of porosity on the blowout size and dust temperatures investigated.
Methods. Using the method of discrete dipole approximation, we calculate the scattering and absorption cross sections of porous particles and derive the blowout size and the behavior of the dust temperature.
Results. We determine the efficiency factors of absorption and the radiation pressure for porous particles, and investigate the influence on the β-ratio. Blowout sizes are calculated for various stellar luminosities and porosities, and an approximation equation is derived to estimate the blowout size as a function of these parameters. Furthermore, we investigate the influence of the porosity on the dust equilibrium temperature.
Conclusions. The blowout size increases with the particle porosity and stellar luminosity. The dust temperature of porous particles is lower than the one of the compact spheres; in particular, the temperature of blowout grains decreases for porous particles.
Key words: circumstellar matter / protoplanetary disks / infrared: stars / interplanetary medium / scattering
© ESO, 2013
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