Volume 551, March 2013
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||12 February 2013|
Diffuse light in the young cluster of galaxies CL J1449+0856 at z = 2.07⋆
1 LAM, OAMP, Université Aix-Marseille CNRS, Pôle de l’Étoile, Site de Château Gombert, 38 rue Frédéric Joliot-Curie, 13388 Marseille 13 Cedex, France
2 UPMC-CNRS, UMR 7095, Institut d’Astrophysique de Paris, 98bis Bd Arago, 75014 Paris, France
3 Núcleo de Astrofísica Teórica, Universidade Cruzeiro do Sul, R. Galvão Bueno 868, 01506–000 São Paulo, Brazil
Received: 24 August 2012
Accepted: 23 December 2012
Context. Cluster properties do not seem to be changing significantly during their mature evolution phase; for example, they do not seem to show any strong dynamical evolution at least up to z ~ 0.5, their galaxy red sequence is already in place at least up to z ~ 1.2, and their diffuse light content remains stable up to z ~ 0.8. The question is now to know if cluster properties can evolve more significantly at redshifts that are notably higher than 1.
Aims. We propose here to see how the properties of the intracluster light (ICL) evolve with redshift by detecting and analysing the ICL in the X-ray cluster CL J1449+0856 at z = 2.07, based on deep HST NICMOS H band exposures.
Methods. We used the same wavelet-based method as one applied to 10 clusters between z = 0.4 and 0.8.
Results. We detect three diffuse light sources with total magnitudes of H = 24.8, 25.5, and 25.9, plus a more compact object with a magnitude H = 25.3. We discuss the significance of our detections and show that they are robust.
Conclusions. The three sources of diffuse light indicate an elongation along a north-east south-west axis, similar to that of the distribution of the central galaxies and to the X-ray elongation. This strongly suggests a history of merging events in this direction. While we found a roughly constant amount of diffuse light for clusters between z ~ 0 and 0.8, we prove at least a 1.5 mag increase between z ~ 0.8 and 2. If we assume that the amount of diffuse light is directly linked to the infall activity on the cluster, this implies that CL J1449+0856 is still undergoing strong merging events.
Key words: galaxies: clusters: individual: CL J1449+0856
The data presented in this paper were obtained from the Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes (MAST). STScI is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS5-26555. Support for MAST for non-HST data is provided by the NASA Office of Space Science via grant NNX09AF08G and by other grants and contracts. This research has made use of data from HST-COSMOS project, held in the HST-COSMOS database operated by Cesam, Laboratory of Astrophysics of Marseille.
© ESO, 2013
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