Volume 544, August 2012
|Number of page(s)||17|
|Published online||03 August 2012|
Laboratoire Lagrange, UMR 7293 UNS-CNRS-OCA, Boulevard de
Nice Cedex 4,
2 Astronomical Institute of the Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, V Holešovičkách 2, 180 00 Praha 8, Czech Republic
3 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Denver, 2112 East Wesley Avenue, Denver, Colorado 80208, USA
4 IPAG, 414 rue de la piscine, 38400 Saint-Martin d’Hères, France
5 UCBL/CNRS CRAL, 9 avenue Charles André, 69561 Saint Genis Laval Cedex, France
6 Georgia State University, PO Box 3969, Atlanta GA 30302-3969, USA
7 CHARA Array, Mount Wilson Observatory, 91023 Mount Wilson CA, USA
8 National Optical Astronomy Observatory, PO Box 26732, Tucson, AZ 85726, USA
Received: 14 March 2012
Accepted: 28 June 2012
The enigmatic binary, ε Aur, is yielding its parameters as a result of new methods applied to the recent eclipse, including optical spectro-interferometry with the VEGA beam combiner at the CHARA Array. VEGA/CHARA visibility measurements from 2009 to 2011 indicate the formation of emission wings of Hα in an expanding zone almost twice the photospheric size of the F star, namely, in a stellar wind. These may be caused by shocks in the atmosphere from large scale convective or multi-periodic pulsation modes emerging from the star. During the total eclipse phase in 2010, when the disk was in the line of sight, we saw broadening of the Hα absorption and a less steep drop of the visibility curve, consistent with the addition of neutral hydrogen in the line of sight but extended above and below the plane of the interferometrically imaged disk itself. This provides a unique constraint on the scale height of the gaseous component of the disk material, and, based on some additional assumptions, points to a mass of the central object being 2.4 to 5.5 M⊙ for a distance of 650 pc or 3.8 to 9.1 M⊙ for a distance of 1050 pc. These results can be tested during coming observing seasons as the star moves from eclipse phase toward quadrature.
Key words: stars: individual: epsilon Aurigae / binaries: eclipsing / stars: massive / stars: AGB and post-AGB / circumstellar matter
Appendix A is available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
FITS files of the calibrated visibilities are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/544/A91
© ESO, 2012
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