Volume 542, June 2012
|Number of page(s)||29|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||19 June 2012|
Evolution of massive Population III stars with rotation and magnetic fields⋆
Argelander-Institut für Astronomie der Universität Bonn, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121 Bonn, Germany
Received: 26 July 2011
Accepted: 28 March 2012
Aims. We present a new grid of massive Population III (Pop III) star models including the effects of rotation on the stellar structure and chemical mixing, and magnetic torques for the transport of angular momentum. This grid covers the range of mass from 10 to 1000 M⊙, and rotational velocity from zero to 100% of the critical rotation on the zero-age main sequence. Based on the grid, we also present a phase diagram for the expected final fates (i.e., core-collapse supernova, gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and pair-instability supernovae of diverse types) of rotating massive Pop III stars.
Methods. The model grid has been calculated with a stellar evolution code. We adopted the recent calibration made with the VLT-FLAMES data for the overshooting parameter and the chemical mixing efficiency due to rotation. The Spruit-Tayler dynamo was assumed for magnetic torques.
Results. Our non-rotating models become redder than the previous models in the literature because of the larger overshooting parameter adopted in this study. In particular, convective dredge-up of the helium core material into the hydrogen envelope is observed in our non-rotating very massive star models (≳200 M⊙), which is potentially important for the chemical yields. On the other hand, the stars become bluer and more luminous with a higher rotational velocity. With the Spruit-Tayler dynamo, our models with a sufficiently high initial rotational velocity can reach the critical rotation earlier and lose more mass as a result, compared to the previous models without magnetic fields. The most dramatic effect of rotation is found with the so-called chemically homogeneous evolution (CHE), which is observed for a limited mass and rotational velocity range. CHE has several important consequences: 1) both primary nitrogen and ionizing photons are abundantly produced; 2) conditions for GRB progenitors are fulfilled for an initial mass range of 13–84 M⊙; 3) pair instability supernovae of type Ibc are expected for 84–190 M⊙; 4) both a pulsational pair instability supernova and a GRB may occur from the same progenitor of ~56–84 M⊙, which might significantly influence the consequent GRB afterglow. We find that CHE does not occur for very massive stars (>190 M⊙), in which case the hydrogen envelope expands to the red-supergiant phase and the final angular momentum is too low to generate any explosive event powered by rotation.
Key words: stars: evolution / stars: Population III / stars: rotation / gamma-ray burst: general / dark ages, reionization, first stars / supernovae: general
Tables 3–5 and Appendix A are available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
© ESO, 2012
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