Volume 536, December 2011
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||19 December 2011|
Compression of matter in the center of accreting neutron stars
1 N. Copernicus Astronomical Center, Polish Academy of Sciences, Bartycka 18, 00-716 Warszawa, Poland
e-mail: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com;
2 LUTh, UMR 8102 du CNRS, Observatoire de Paris, 92195 Meudon Cedex, France
Received: 5 September 2011
Accepted: 26 October 2011
Aims. To estimate the feasibility of dense-matter phase transition, we studied the evolution of the central density as well as the baryon chemical potential of accreting neutron stars. We compared the thin-disk accretion with and without the magnetic field torque with the spin-down scenario for a selection of recent equations of state.
Methods. We compared the prevalent (in the recycled-pulsar context) Keplerian thin-disk model, in which the matter is accreted from the marginally-stable circular orbit, with the recent magnetic-torque model that takes into account the influence of stellar magnetic field on the effective inner boundary of the disk. Calculations were performed using a multi-domain spectral methods code in the framework of General Relativity. We considered three equations of state consistent with the recently measured mass of PSR J1614-2230, 1.97 ± 0.04 M⊙ (one of them softened by the appearance of hyperons).
Results. If there is no magnetic torque and efficient angular momentum transfer from the disk to the star, substantial central compression is limited to the region of initial stellar masses close to the maximum mass. Outside the maximum mass vicinity, accretion-induced central compression is significant only if the angular momentum transfer is inefficient. Accounting for the magnetic field effectively decreases the efficiency of angular momentum transfer and implies a significant central compression.
Conclusions. An efficient angular momentum transfer from a thin disk onto a non-magnetized neutron star does not provide a good mechanism for the central compression and possible phase transition. Substantial central compression is possible for a broad range of masses of slowly-rotating initial configurations for magnetized neutron stars. Accretion-induced central compression is particularly strong for stiff equation of state with a high-density softening.
Key words: stars: neutron / accretion, accretion disks / magnetic fields / pulsars: general / dense matter
© ESO, 2011
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