Parameters of rotating neutron stars with and without hyperons
N. Copernicus Astronomical Center, Bartycka 18,
Accepted: 15 February 2013
Context. The discovery of a 2 M⊙ neutron star provided a robust constraint for the theory of exotic dense matter, bringing into question the existence of strange baryons in the interiors of neutron stars. Although many theories fail to reproduce this observational result, several equations of state containing hyperons are consistent with it.
Aims. We study global properties of stars using equations of state containing hyperons, and compare them to those without hyperons to find similarities, differences, and limits that can be compared with the astrophysical observations.
Methods. Rotating, axisymmetric, and stationary stellar configurations in general relativity are obtained, and their global parameters are studied.
Results. Approximate formulæ describing the behavior of the maximum and minimum stellar mass, compactness, surface redshifts, and moments of inertia as functions of spin frequency are provided. We also study the thin disk accretion and compare the spin-up evolution of stars with different moments of inertia.
Key words: stars: neutron / equation of state / stars: rotation / dense matter
© ESO, 2013