Volume 535, November 2011
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||23 November 2011|
Systematics in lensing reconstruction: dark matter rings in the sky?
IFCA, Instituto de Física de Cantabria (UC-CSIC), Av. de Los Castros s/n, 39005 Santander, Spain
2 Departamento de Física Moderna, Universidad de Cantabria, Av. de Los Castros s/n, 39005 Santander, Spain
Received: 31 May 2011
Accepted: 6 September 2011
Context. Non-parametric lensing methods are a useful way of reconstructing the lensing mass of a cluster without making assumptions about the way the mass is distributed in the cluster. These methods are particularly powerful in the case of galaxy clusters with a large number of constraints. The advantage of not assuming implicitly that the luminous matter follows the dark matter is particularly interesting in those cases where the cluster is in a non-relaxed dynamical state. On the other hand, non-parametric methods have several limitations that should be taken into account carefully.
Aims. We explore some of these limitations and focus on their implications for the possible ring of dark matter around the galaxy cluster CL0024+17.
Methods. We project three background galaxies through a mock cluster of known radial profile density and obtain a map for the arcs (θ map). We also calculate the shear field associated with the mock cluster across the whole field of view (3.3 arcmin). Combining the positions of the arcs and the two-direction shear, we perform an inversion of the lens equation using two separate methods, the biconjugate gradient, and the quadratic programming (QADP) to reconstruct the convergence map of the mock cluster.
Results. We explore the space of the solutions of the convergence map and compare the radial density profiles to the density profile of the mock cluster. When the inversion matrix algorithms are forced to find the exact solution, we encounter systematic effects resembling ring structures, that clearly depart from the original convergence map.
Conclusions. Overfitting lensing data with a non-parametric method can produce ring-like structures similar to the alleged one in CL0024.
Key words: cosmology: observations / gravitational lensing: weak / galaxies: clusters: general / dark matter / gravitational lensing: strong
© ESO, 2011
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