Volume 529, May 2011
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||08 April 2011|
High-resolution spectroscopic search for the thermal emission of the extrasolar planet HD 217107 b
Department of AstronomyUniversidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
2 Department of Physics, Planetary Sciences Group, University of Central Florida, FL 32817-2385, USA
3 Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064, USA
Received: 22 September 2010
Accepted: 28 February 2011
We analyzed the combined near-infrared spectrum of a star-planet system with thermal emission atmospheric models, based on the composition and physical parameters of the system. The main objective of this work is to obtain the inclination of the orbit, the mass of the exoplanet, and the planet-to-star flux ratio. We present the results of our routines on the planetary system HD 217107, which was observed with the high-resolution spectrograph Phoenix at 2.14 μm. We revisited and tuned a correlation method to directly search for the high-resolution signature of a known non-transiting extrasolar planet. We could not detect the planet with our current data, but we present sensitivity estimates of our method and the respective constraints on the planetary parameters. With a confidence level of 3-σ we constrain the HD 217107 b planet-to-star flux ratio to be less than 5 × 10-3. We also carried out simulations on other planet candidates to assess the detectability limit of atmospheric water on realistically simulated data sets for this instrument, and we outline an optimized observational and selection strategy to increase future probabilities of success by considering the optimal observing conditions and the most suitable candidates.
Key words: planets and satellites: detection / techniques: spectroscopic / stars: individual: HD 217107
© ESO, 2011
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