Astronomical Institute of the Charles University, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, V Holešovičkách 2, 180 00 Praha 8, Czech Republic e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200 D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium
3 Department of Astrophysics, IMAPP, Radboud University Nijmegen, PO Box 9010, 6500 GL Nijmegen, The Netherlands
4 Villanova University, Dept. of Astronomy & Astrophysics, 800 Lancaster Ave, Villanova, PA 19085, USA
5 University of Ljubljana, Dept. of Physics, Jadranska 19, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
6 Institut für Astronomie, Universität Wien, Türkenschanzstrasse 17, 1180 Wien, Austria
Accepted: 24 May 2010
A detailed analysis of multicolour Geneva photometry and high-resolution echelle spectroscopy of the B8.5V star V945 Cen (HD 112409, V = 52) whose short-term periodic variability was first detected from the HIPPARCOS data, led to the finding that the object is an ellipsoidal variable and a close double-lined spectroscopic binary with a 06496 orbital period and a circular orbit. The components have spectral types B7 and B8.5 and are both main-sequence objects. The system is detached but close to a contact configuration and is observed at an inclination of ~23–24°. A notable finding is that the optical spectrum also contains a third system of spectral lines corresponding to a late B spectral type that remained stationary during the 5 days of spectral observations. From several independent lines of reasoning, we tentatively conclude that the third spectrum belongs to a real third body in the system. However, the possibility that it instead originates in circumbinary gas cannot be excluded completely, and additional spectral and interferometric observations are required to help us determine its origin conclusively.
Key words: binaries: close / stars: variables: general / stars: individual: V945 Cen = HD 112409
Based on photometry gathered with the Swiss 0.7-m telescope equipped with the P7 photometer of the Geneva Observatory and on spectroscopy assembled with the FEROS spectrograph attached to the ESO 2.2 m telescope, both situated at La Silla in Chile.
Reduced data is only available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/520/A73
© ESO, 2010