Structure and dynamics of giant low surface brightness galaxies
Department of Astronomy, University of Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
2 Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, Postbus 800, 9700 AV Groningen, The Netherlands e-mail: email@example.com
3 INAF - Astronomical Observatory of Bologna, via Ranzani 1, 40127 Bologna, Italy
Accepted: 25 February 2010
Giant low surface brightness (GLSB) galaxies are commonly thought to be massive, dark matter dominated systems. However, this conclusion is based on highly uncertain rotation curves. We present here a new study of two prototypical GLSB galaxies: Malin 1 and NGC 7589. We re-analysed existing H I observations and derived new rotation curves, which were used to investigate the distributions of luminous and dark matter in these galaxies. In contrast to previous findings, the rotation curves of both galaxies show a steep rise in the central parts, typical of high surface brightness (HSB) systems. Mass decompositions with a dark matter halo show that baryons may dominate the dynamics of the inner regions. Indeed, a “maximum disk” fit gives stellar mass-to-light ratios in the range of values typically found for HSB galaxies. These results, together with other recent studies, suggest that GLSB galaxies are systems with a double structure: an inner HSB early-type spiral galaxy and an outer extended LSB disk. We also tested the predictions of MOND: the rotation curve of NGC 7589 is reproduced well, whereas Malin 1 represents a challenging test for the theory.
Key words: dark matter / galaxies: structure / galaxies: kinematics and dynamics / galaxies: individual: Malin 1 / galaxies: individual: NGC 7589 / methods: data analysis
© ESO, 2010