Volume 524, December 2010
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||23 November 2010|
The distinguishing factor for gravity models: stellar population synthesis
Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS),
PO Box 45195-1159
Received: 4 May 2010
Accepted: 2 September 2010
Alternative gravitations of Milgrom (MOND), Moffat (MOG), and CDM scenarios all simulate rotation curves of spirals with reasonable details. They display significant disparities however in predicting the stellar mass-to-light (M∗/L) ratios of the galaxies. We maintain this feature could serve as a distinguishing factor between different alternative theories. We analyze the rotation curves of 46 low- and high-surface brightness galaxies and compare the resulting M∗/Ls with the predictions of the Stellar Population Synthesis (SPS) scheme. The color–M∗/L correlation obtained for MOND is consistent with predictions of SPS models. MOG does not show this consistency, and the M∗/Ls of CDM model shows large dispersions. Furthermore, M∗/L ratios of MOND with Bekenstein interpolating function favor Kroupa’s initial mass function (IMF) of the SPS scheme, while those of MOND with standard and simple interpolating functions are consistent with Salpeter’s IMF. Here is another indication to differentiate between different IMFs that are used in SPS context.
Key words: galaxies: spiral / gravitation / galaxies: kinematics and dynamics / dark matter
© ESO, 2010
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