Magnetic field strength of active region filaments
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, vía Láctea s/n, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain e-mail: email@example.com
2 High Altitude Observatory (NCAR), Boulder, CO 80301, USA
3 Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, JAXA, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510, Japan
Accepted: 28 April 2009
Aims. We study the vector magnetic field of a filament observed over a compact active region neutral line.
Methods. Spectropolarimetric data acquired with TIP-II (VTT, Tenerife, Spain) of the 10 830 Å spectral region provide full Stokes vectors that were analyzed using three different methods: magnetograph analysis, Milne-Eddington inversions, and PCA-based atomic polarization inversions.
Results. The inferred magnetic field strengths in the filament are around 600–700 G by all these three methods. Longitudinal fields are found in the range of 100–200 G whereas the transverse components become dominant, with fields as high as 500–600 G. We find strong transverse fields near the neutral line also at photospheric levels.
Conclusions. Our analysis indicates that strong (higher than 500 G, but below kG) transverse magnetic fields are present in active region filaments. This corresponds to the highest field strengths reliably measured in these structures. The profiles of the helium 10 830 Å lines observed in this active region filament are dominated by the Zeeman effect.
Key words: Sun: filaments / Sun: photosphere / Sun: chromosphere / Sun: magnetic fields / techniques: polarimetric
© ESO, 2009