Diagnostic potential of the Ca II 8542 Å line for solar filaments
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, C/Vía Láctea s/n, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
2 Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38206 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
3 Institute for Solar Physics, Dept. of Astronomy, Stockholm University, AlbaNova University Centre, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
Accepted: 14 February 2019
Aims. In this study we explore the diagnostic potential of the chromospheric Ca II line at 8542 Å for studying the magnetic and dynamic properties of solar filaments. We have acquired high spatial resolution spectropolarimetric observations in the Ca II 8542 Å line using the CRISP instrument at the Swedish 1 m Solar Telescope.
Methods. We used the NICOLE inversion code to infer physical properties from observations of a solar filament. We discuss the validity of the results due to the assumption of hydrostatic equilibrium. We have used observations from other telescopes such as CHROTEL and SDO, in order to study large scale dynamics and the long term evolution of the filament.
Results. We show that the Ca II 8542 Å line encodes information of the temperature, line-of-sight velocity and magnetic field vector from the region where the filament is located. The current noise levels only allow us to estimate an upper limit of 260 G for the total magnetic field of the filament. Our study also reveals that if we consider information from the aforementioned spectral line alone, the geometric height, the temperature and the density could be degenerated parameters outside the hydrostatic equilibrium approach.
Key words: Sun: filaments, prominences / Sun: chromosphere / Sun: magnetic fields / Sun: oscillations / Sun: evolution
© ESO 2019