EDP Sciences
Free Access
Volume 500, Number 3, June IV 2009
Page(s) 1173 - 1192
Section Stellar structure and evolution
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/200811165
Published online 08 April 2009
A&A 500, 1173-1192 (2009)
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/200811165

Asymptotic analysis of high-frequency acoustic modes in rapidly rotating stars

F. Lignières1, 2 and B. Georgeot3, 4

1  Université de Toulouse, UPS, Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Toulouse-Tarbes (LATT), 31400 Toulouse, France
    e-mail: francois.lignieres@ast.obs-mip.fr
2  CNRS, Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Toulouse-Tarbes (LATT), 31400 Toulouse, France
3  Université de Toulouse, UPS, Laboratoire de Physique Théorique (IRSAMC), 31062 Toulouse, France
4  CNRS, LPT (IRSAMC), 31062 Toulouse, France

Received 16 October 2008 / Accepted 10 March 2009

Context. The asteroseismology of rapidly rotating pulsating stars is hindered by our poor knowledge of the effect of the rotation on the oscillation properties.
Aims. Here we present an asymptotic analysis of high-frequency acoustic modes in rapidly rotating stars.
Methods. We study the Hamiltonian dynamics of acoustic rays in uniformly rotating polytropic stars and show that the phase space structure has a mixed character, with regions of chaotic trajectories coexisting with stable structures like island chains or invariant tori. To interpret the ray dynamics in terms of acoustic mode properties, we then use tools and concepts developed in the context of quantum physics.
Results. Accordingly, the high-frequency acoustic spectrum is a superposition of frequency subsets associated with dynamically independent phase space regions. The subspectra associated with stable structures are regular and can be modelled through EBK quantization methods, while those associated with chaotic regions are irregular but with generic statistical properties. The results of this asymptotic analysis are successfully compared with the properties of numerically computed high-frequency acoustic modes. The implications for the asteroseismology of rapidly rotating stars are discussed.

Key words: hydrodynamics -- waves -- chaos -- stars: oscillations -- stars: rotation

© ESO 2009

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