Volume 474, Number 1, October IV 2007
|Page(s)||155 - 163|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||13 August 2007|
Angular momentum transport by internal gravity waves
III. Wave excitation by core convection and the Coriolis effect
Geneva Observatory, University of Geneva, ch. des Maillettes 51, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Département de Physique, Université de Montréal, Montréal PQ H3C 3J7, Canada e-mail: email@example.com
3 Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Toulouse et Tarbes, CNRS UMR 5572, OMP, Université Paul Sabatier 3, 14 Av. E. Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France e-mail: Corinne.Charbonnel@obs.unige.ch
Accepted: 18 July 2007
Context.This is the third in a series of papers that deal with angular momentum transport by internal gravity waves. We concentrate on the waves excited by core convection in a , Pop I main sequence star.
Aims.Here, we want to examine the role of the Coriolis acceleration in the equations of motion that describe the behavior of waves and to evaluate its impact on angular momentum transport.
Methods.We use the so-called traditional approximation of geophysics, which allows variable separation in radial and horizontal components. In the presence of rotation, the horizontal structure is described by Hough functions instead of spherical harmonics.
Results.The Coriolis acceleration has two main effects on waves. It transforms pure gravity waves into gravito-inertial waves that have a larger amplitude closer to the equator, and it introduces new waves whose restoring force is mainly the conservation of vorticity.
Conclusions.Taking the Coriolis acceleration into account changes the subtle balance between prograde and retrograde waves in non-rotating stars. It also introduces new types of waves that are either purely prograde or retrograde. We show in this paper where the local deposition of angular momentum by such waves is important.
Key words: hydrodynamics / turbulence / waves / methods: numerical / stars: interiors / stars: rotation
© ESO, 2007
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