Volume 447, Number 3, March I 2006
|Page(s)||949 - 962|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||10 February 2006|
A self-consistent model of a 22 GHz water maser in a dusty environment near late-type stars
Astronomy Division, PO Box 3000, 90014 University of Oulu, Finland e-mail: [natalia.babkovskaia;juri.poutanen]@oulu.fi
Accepted: 5 October 2005
We study the conditions for operation of the 22 GHz ortho-water maser in a dusty medium near late-type stars. The main physical processes, such as exchange of energy between dust and gas in the radiation field of a star, radiative cooling by water molecules and pumping of water masers are described self-consistently. We show that the presence of dust grains of various types (or of one type with size distribution) strongly affects the maser action. The pumping mechanism based on the presence of the dust of different optical properties is able to explain water masers in the silicate carbon star V778 Cyg. However, the masers in the winds from asymptotic giant branch stars require an additional source of heating, for instance due to the dust drift through the gas.
Key words: masers / radio lines: general / stars: AGB and post-AGB / stars: late-type / methods: numerical / dust, extinction
© ESO, 2006
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