Volume 442, Number 1, October IV 2005
|Page(s)||263 - 270|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||30 September 2005|
Chemical composition of Galactic OB stars
II. The fast rotator ζ Ophiuchi
Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain e-mail: [ccid;ahd]@ll.iac.es
2 Departamento de Astrofísica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38071 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
Accepted: 20 May 2005
ζ Oph, HD 149757, is an O9.5 Vnn star with a very high projected rotational velocity (v sin km s-1). It is also a classical runaway star due to its high proper motion. We perform a quantitative analysis of its optical spectrum in order to measure important observables of the star such as its mass, effective temperature, luminosity and He, C, N, and O abundances. Comparing these observed values to those predicted by the rotating evolutionary models of the Geneva group we find that none of the two sets of models (those of 2000 and 2003) is capable of reproducing the characteristics of the star. Nevertheless, due to its runaway nature, the reason for this discrepancy may be that the star is not the result of the evolution of a single object, but the product of the evolution of a close binary system.
Key words: stars: individual: HD 149757 / stars: abundances / stars: evolution / stars: rotation / stars: fundamental parameters / stars: early-type
© ESO, 2005
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