Volume 429, Number 1, January I 2005
|Page(s)||75 - 84|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||13 December 2004|
Dealing with systematics in cosmic shear studies: New results from the VIRMOS-Descart survey*
Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 98 bis boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France e-mail: email@example.com
2 Observatoire de Paris, LERMA, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France
3 Canadian Institut for Theoretical Astrophysics, 60 St George St., Toronto, M5S 3H8 Ontario, Canada
4 Dept. of Astronomy & Astrophysics, University of Toronto, 60 St George St., Toronto, M5S 3H8 Ontario, Canada
Accepted: 19 August 2004
We present a reanalysis of the VIRMOS-Descart weak lensing data, with a particular focus on different corrections for the variation of the point spread function anisotropy (PSF) across the CCDs. We show that the small scale systematics can be minimised, and eventually suppressed, using the B mode (curled shear component) measured in the corrected stars and galaxies. Updated cosmological constraints are obtained, free of systematics caused by PSF anisotropy. To facilitate general use of our results, we provide the two-points statistics data points with their covariance matrices up to a scale of one degree. For the normalisation of the mass power spectrum we obtain . The shape parameter Γ was marginalised over and the mean source redshift zs over . The latter is consistent with recent photometric redshifts obtained for the VIRMOS data and the preliminary spectroscopic redshifts from the VIRMOS-VVDS survey. The quoted contour level includes all identified sources of error. We discuss the possible sources of residual contamination in this result: the effect of the non-linear mass power spectrum and remaining issues concerning the PSF correction. Our result is compared with the first release of the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe data. It is found that Cold Dark Matter models with a power law primordial power spectrum and high matter density are excluded at 3-σ.
Key words: cosmology: observations / cosmology: dark matter / gravitational lensing / cosmology: large-scale structure of Universe
© ESO, 2005
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