Tracking quintessence by cosmic shear*
Constraints from VIRMOS-Descart and CFHTLS and future prospects
DSM/DAPNIA, CEA/Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France e-mail: email@example.com
2 Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, UMR 7095 CNRS, Université Pierre & Marie Curie, 98bis bd Arago, 75014 Paris, France
3 Departamento de Fisica, Universidade de Lisboa, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal
4 Observatoire de Paris - LERMA, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France
5 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural Road, Vancouver V6T 1Z1, Canada
6 Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, Victoria V8P 52C, Canada
Accepted: 11 June 2006
Aims.Dark energy can be investigated in two complementary ways, by considering either general parameterizations or physically well-defined models. Following the second route, we explore the observational constraints on quintessence models where the acceleration of our universe is driven by a slow-rolling scalar field. Using weak lensing data to investigate high-energy motivated models of dark energy for the first time, the analysis focuses on cosmic shear, examining how weak lensing surveys can constrain dark energy, discussing the limitations due to the lack of knowledge of the non-linear regime, and combining with type Ia supernovae data and cosmic microwave background observations to lift some degeneracies.
Methods.Using a Boltzmann code that includes quintessence models along with a weak lensing add-on code, we determine the shear power spectrum and several two-point statistics, describing the non-linear regime by two different mappings. The likelihood analysis completing the pipeline, based on a grid method, uses the “gold set” of supernovae Ia, VIRMOS-Descart and CFHTLS-deep and -wide data for weak lensing; we also explore larger angular scales, using a synthetic realization of the complete CFHTLS-wide survey, as well as of space-based mission surveys. WMAP-first year data are used for the normalization and to broadly define the location of the first acoustic peak constraining the quintessence parameter space.
Results.Two classes of cosmological parameters are discussed: those accounting for quintessence affect mainly geometrical factors; cosmological parameters specifying the primordial universe strongly depend on the description of the non-linear regime. This dependence is confirmed using wide surveys, by discarding the smaller angular scales to reduce the dependence on the non-linear regime. For a flat universe and a quintessence inverse-power-law potential with slope α, the joint analysis gives and at a 95% confidence level, whereas , when including supergravity corrections.
Key words: gravitational lensing / cosmology: theory / cosmological parameters / methods: data analysis
Based on observations obtained with MegaPrime/MegaCam, a joint project of CFHT and CEA/DAPNIA, at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) which is operated by the National Research Council (NRC) of Canada, the Institut National des Sciences de l'Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) of France, and the University of Hawaii. This work is based in part on data products produced at TERAPIX and the Canadian Astronomy Data Centre as part of the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Legacy Survey, a collaborative project of NRC and CNRS.
© ESO, 2007