Volume 374, Number 3, August II 2001
|Page(s)||757 - 769|
|Published online||15 August 2001|
Cosmic shear statistics and cosmology*
Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 98bis boulevard Arago, 75014 Paris, France
2 Canadian Institut for Theoretical Astrophysics, 60 St Georges Str., Toronto, M5S 3H8 Ontario, Canada
3 Observatoire de Paris, DEMIRM, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France
4 Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, via Moiariello, 80131m Napoli, Italy
5 Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, 13376 Marseille Cedex 12, France
6 Canada-France-Hawaii-Telescope, PO Box 1597, Kamuela, Hawaii 96743, USA
7 Observatoire de Paris, 61 avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris, France
8 Max Planck Institut für Astrophysiks, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, Postfach 1523, 85740 Garching, Germany
9 Dept of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
10 Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA
11 Universitaet Bonn, Auf dem Hügel 71, 53121 Bonn, Germany
12 Service de Physique Théorique, CE de Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France
Corresponding author: L. Van Waerbeke, email@example.com
Accepted: 25 May 2001
We report a measurement of cosmic shear correlations using an effective area of 6.5 deg2 of the VIRMOS deep imaging survey in progress at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope. We measured various shear correlation functions, the aperture mass statistic and the top-hat smoothed variance of the shear with a detection significance exceeding . We present results on angular scales from 3 arcsec to half a degree. The lensing origin of the signal is confirmed through tests that rely on the scalar nature of the gravitational potential. The different statistical measures give consistent results over the full range of angular scales. These important tests of the measurements demonstrate that the measured correlations could provide accurate constraints on cosmological parameters, subject to the systematic uncertainty in the source redshift distribution. The measurement over more than two decades of scale allows one to evaluate the effect of the shape of the power spectrum on cosmological parameter estimation. The degeneracy on can be broken if priors on the shape of the linear power spectrum (parameterized by Γ) are assumed. For instance, with and at the confidence level, we obtain and for open models, and and for flat (Λ-CDM) models. We discuss how these results would scale if the assumed source redshift distribution needed to be modified with forthcoming measurements of photometric redshifts. From the tangential/radial mode decomposition we can set an upper limit on the intrinsic shape alignment, which has recently been suggested as a possible contribution to the lensing signal. Within the error bars, there is no detection of intrinsic shape alignment for scales larger than .
Key words: cosmology: theory / dark matter / gravitational lensing / large-scale structure of the Universe
© ESO, 2001
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