HCN and HCO+ emission in the disk of M 31
Observatoire de Bordeaux, Université Bordeaux 1- CNRS, BP 89, 33270 Floirac, France e-mail: email@example.com
2 IRAM, 300 rue de la Piscine, 38406 Saint-Martin-d'Hères, France
3 Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, PO Box 23-141, Taipei 106, Taiwan e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 3 September 2004
We report observations made with the IRAM 30 m radiotelescope in the HCN(1–0) and HCO+(1–0) lines towards a sample of molecular complexes (GMCs) in the disk of the Andromeda galaxy (M 31). The targets were identified bright CO GMCs selected from the IRAM 30 m CO survey with various morphologies and environments. The clouds vary in galactocentric distances from 2.4 to 15.5 kpc. The HCN and HCO+ emission is easily detected in almost all observed positions, with line widths generally similar to the CO ones and there is a good correlation between the two dense gas tracers. The HCO+ emission is slightly stronger than the HCN, in particular towards GMCs with a strong star formation activity. However the HCO+ emission is weaker than the HCN towards a quiescent cloud in the inner part of M 31, which could be due to a lower abundance of HCO+. We derive ratios between 0.008 and 0.03 and ratios between less than 0.003 and 0.04. We study the radial distribution of the dense gas in the disk of M 31. Unlike our Galaxy the HCO+/CO ratio is lower in the center of M 31 than in the arms, which can be explained by both a lower abundance of HCO+ and different conditions of excitation. Furthermore the HCN/CO and HCO+/CO ratios appear to be higher in the inner spiral arm and weaker in the outer arm.
Key words: ISM: clouds / ISM: molecules / galaxies: individual: M 31 / galaxies: ISM
© ESO, 2005