Volume 419, Number 3, June I 2004
|Page(s)||849 - 862|
|Published online||07 May 2004|
2–10 keV luminosity of high-mass binaries as a gauge of ongoing star-formation rate*
INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via G.B. Tiepolo 11, 34131 Trieste, Italy
2 School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
3 CASS, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
4 INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via Brera 28, 20121 Milano, Italy
5 INAF/IASF, via P. Gobetti 101, 40129 Bologna, Italy
6 Dipartimento di Astronomia, Università di Padova, vicolo Osservatorio 2, 35122 Padova, Italy
7 4789 Panorama Drive, San Diego, CA 92116, USA
Corresponding author: M. Persic, email@example.com
Accepted: 7 February 2004
Based on recent work on spectral decomposition of the emission of star-forming galaxies, we assess whether the integrated 2-10 keV emission from high-mass X-ray binaries (HMXBs), , can be used as a reliable estimator of ongoing star formation rate (SFR). Using a sample of 46 local () star-forming galaxies, and spectral modeling of ASCA, BeppoSAX, and XMM-Newton data, we demonstrate the existence of a linear SFR – relation which holds over ~5 decades in X-ray luminosity and SFR. The total 2-10 keV luminosity is not a precise SFR indicator because at low SFR (i.e., in normal and moderately-starbursting galaxies) it is substantially affected by the emission of low-mass X-ray binaries, which do not trace the current SFR due to their long evolution lifetimes, while at very high SFR (i.e., for very luminous FIR-selected galaxies) it is frequently affected by the presence of strongly obscured AGNs. The availability of purely SB-powered galaxies – whose 2-10 keV emission is mainly due to HMXBs – allows us to properly calibrate the SFR – relation. The SFR – relation holds also for distant () galaxies in the Hubble Deep Field North sample, for which we lack spectral information, but whose SFR can be estimated from deep radio data. If confirmed by more detailed observations, it may be possible to use the deduced relation to identify distant galaxies that are X-ray overluminous for their (independently estimated) SFR, and are therefore likely to hide strongly absorbed AGNs.
Key words: X-rays: galaxies / galaxies: spiral / galaxies: starburst / X-rays: binaries / infrared: galaxies / radio continuum: galaxies
© ESO, 2004
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.