Volume 399, Number 1, February III 2003
|Page(s)||9 - 17|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||05 February 2003|
Starburst galaxies and the X-ray background
INAF/Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, via G.B. Tiepolo 11, 34131 Trieste, Italy
2 School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
3 CASS, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
Corresponding author: M. Persic, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 14 November 2002
Integrated X-ray spectra of an evolving population of starburst galaxies (SBGs) are determined based on the observed spectra of local SBGs. In addition to emission from hot gas and binary systems, our model SBG spectrum includes a nonthermal component from Compton scattering of relativistic electrons by the intense ambient far-IR and the (steeply evolving) CMB radiation fields. We use these integrated spectra to calculate the levels of contribution of SBGs to the cosmic X-ray background assuming that their density evolves as up to a maximal redshift of 5. We find that at energies keV this contribution is at a level of few percent for , and in the range of for . The Compton component is predicted to be the main SBG emission at high energies, and its relative contribution gets progressively higher for increasing redshift.
Key words: X-ray: galaxies / galaxies: spiral / stars: formation
© ESO, 2003
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