Volume 408, Number 3, September IV 2003
|Page(s)||1179 - 1196|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||17 November 2003|
Resonant returns to close approaches: Analytical theory*
Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, via Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00133 Roma, Italy
2 Dipartimento di Matematica, Università di Pisa, via Buonarroti 2, 56127 Pisa, Italy e-mail: email@example.com
3 Dipartimento di Matematica, Università di Pisa, via Buonarroti 2, 56127 Pisa, Italy e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
4 Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, CA-91109 Pasadena, USA e-mail: email@example.com
Corresponding author: G. B. Valsecchi, firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 22 May 2003
We extend Öpik's theory of close encounters of a small body (either an asteroid or a comet) by explicitly introducing the nodal distance and a time coordinate. Assuming that the heliocentric motion between consecutive close encounters is Keplerian, or given by an explicit propagator, we can compute the initial conditions for an encounter as functions of the outcomes of a previous one; in this way it is possible to obtain a completely analytical theory of resonant returns. It is found that the initial conditions of a close encounter that lead to a resonant return must lie close to easily computable circles on the b-plane of the first encounter. By further assuming that the nodal distance varies uniformly with time, due to secular perturbations, and considering the derivatives of the coordinates on the b-plane of the second encounter with respect to those on the b-plane of the first encounter, we compute in the latter the location, shape and size of collision keyholes.
Key words: minor planets, asteroids / Solar system: general
© ESO, 2003
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