Volume 386, Number 2, May I 2002
|Page(s)||732 - 742|
|Published online||15 May 2002|
Gravitational instability of polytropic spheres and generalized thermodynamics
Laboratoire de Physique Quantique, Université Paul Sabatier, 118 route de Narbonne 31062 Toulouse, France Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California, Santa Barbara, California CA93106, USA
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 30 January 2002
We extend the existing literature on the structure and stability of polytropic gas spheres reported in the classical monograph of Chandrasekhar ([CITE]). For isolated polytropes with index , we provide a new, alternative, proof that the onset of gravitational instability occurs for and we express the perturbation profiles of density and velocity at the point of marginal stability in terms of the Milne variables. Then, we consider the case of polytropes confined within a box of radius R (an extension of the Antonov problem for isothermal gas spheres). For , the mass-density relation presents damped oscillations and there exists a limiting mass above which no hydrostatic equilibrium is possible. As for isothermal gas spheres, the onset of instability occurs precisely at the point of maximum mass in the series of equilibrium. Analytical results are obtained for the particular index . We also discuss the relation of our study with generalized thermodynamics (Tsallis entropy) recently investigated by Taruya & Sakagami ([CITE]).
Key words: hydrodynamics / instabilities / stars: oscillations
© ESO, 2002
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