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Erratum
This article is an erratum for:
[https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/202039382]


Issue
A&A
Volume 649, May 2021
Article Number C3
Number of page(s) 3
Section Extragalactic astronomy
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/202039382e
Published online 05 May 2021

This is a corrigendum to Comerón et al. (2021). Due to a mistake in our codes, all line fluxes were multiplied by a factor of 1.25. This affects the colour scales in two figures and the physical magnitudes derived from the flux in Hβ, namely the gas mass outflow rate, the kinetic power of the outflow, and the fraction of the active galactic nucleus (AGN) power that is emitted in the form of kinetic energy. The conclusions of the paper remain unchanged. The corrected figures, tables, and relevant portions of the text are given below.

4.8. The mass outflow rate and the kinetic power

The mass-loss rates and kinetic power estimates for each of the outflow components are shown in Table 6. We find a total mass loss rate of = 0.44 ± 0.27 M yr−1 and a total kinetic power of Ėkin = (7.0 ± 4.8) × 1040 erg s−1 for the blueshifted components. If we also account for the more poorly constrained redshifted components, these values are = 1.2 ± 0.7 M yr−1 and Ėkin = (2.7 ± 2.0) × 1041 erg s−1, respectively. The latter values have to be considered with caution because a third of the mass-loss rate and two-thirds of the kinetic power come from the redshifted broad component that is hard to characterise. Indeed, we might only be detecting it over a small fraction of its true extent, which can cause a large overestimate in its associated mass-loss rate and kinetic power (through Eq. (9)). Assuming a bolometric AGN luminosity of Lbol = 2.2 × 1044 erg s−1 (Esquej et al. 2014, we corrected the luminosity for the different distance estimates), the fraction of power emitted in kinetic energy is Fkin = 0.032 ± 0.022% for the blueshifted components and Fkin = 0.12 ± 0.09% if accounting for all components.

thumbnail Fig. 10.

Surface brightness of [O III] λ5007 emission of the nine kinematically identified components.

thumbnail Fig. 11.

[O III] λ5007 surface brightness of blueshifted narrow component (same map as in the corresponding panel in Fig. 10). The black line overlay shows the VLA 8.4 GHz continuum data obtained for Thean et al. (2000) as processed by Zhao et al. (2016). The contour levels cover a range from 0.001 to 0.007 mJy beam−1 in steps of 0.001 mJy beam−1. The angular resolution in radio is and the position angle of the point spread function ellipse is ∼10° (Zhao et al. 2016).

Table 6.

Average physical properties of kinematic components of the ionised gas.

5. Discussion

We estimated the mass outflow rates and kinetic power for each of the outflow components separately. We find that, although both narrow and broad outflow components have virtually the same flux in Hβ (L(Hβ)corr ∼ (40 − 60) × 1039 erg s−1), the broad components carry ∼2/3 of the mass outflow and maybe as much as ∼90% of the kinetic power. If we consider only the blueshifted components, which are better constrained due to the reduced extinction, we find that the luminosities of the narrow and the broad components are comparable (L(Hβ)corr ≈ 30 × 1039 erg s−1 and L(Hβ)corr ≈ 60 × 1039 erg s−1, respectively). In this case, the broad component carries 90% of the mass loss and almost all the kinetic power (98%). The relatively modest energy output of the ionised gas outflow, compared to the bolometric luminosity of the AGN (Fkin ≈ 0.12% when accounting for all the components, and Fkin ≈ 0.03% when accounting only for the blueshifted components), makes it unlikely that it has a significant impact on a galaxy-wide scale (see discussion in Villar-Martín et al. 2016). The mass-loss rate ( = 1.2 ± 0. M yr−1 for all the components and = 0.44 ± 0.27 M yr−1 for the blueshifted components) is also low compared to the star formation rate, which is estimated to be SFR = 20.93 ± 0.05 M yr−1 (Gruppioni et al. 2016) or SFR = 6.7 M yr−1 (Diamond-Stanic & Rieke 2012) for the galaxy as a whole, and SFR = 4.3 M yr−1 for the innermost kiloparsec (Diamond-Stanic & Rieke 2012).

6. Summary and conclusions

We have measured the ionised gas mass outflow rate and the kinetic power of the outflow (Sect. 4.8). Accounting for all the components (the blueshifted components), we find them to be = 1.2 ± 0.7 M yr−1 ( = 0.44 ± 0.27 M yr−1) and Ėkin = (2.7 ± 2.0) × 1041 erg s−1 (Ėkin = (7.0 ± 4.8) × 1040 erg s−1), respectively. The kinetic power is Fkin = 0.12 ± 0.09% (Fkin = 0.032 ± 0.022%) of the bolometric AGN output. These values are comparable to those of other AGN (Villar-Martín et al. 2016; Rose et al. 2018) and are roughly a factor of ten lower than the star formation rate. They are probably too low for the outflow to have a galaxy-wide effect. The broad outflow components are responsible for ∼2/3 (∼90%) of the mass outflow rate and about 90% (98%) of the kinetic power output.

References

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© ESO 2021

All Tables

Table 6.

Average physical properties of kinematic components of the ionised gas.

All Figures

thumbnail Fig. 10.

Surface brightness of [O III] λ5007 emission of the nine kinematically identified components.

In the text
thumbnail Fig. 11.

[O III] λ5007 surface brightness of blueshifted narrow component (same map as in the corresponding panel in Fig. 10). The black line overlay shows the VLA 8.4 GHz continuum data obtained for Thean et al. (2000) as processed by Zhao et al. (2016). The contour levels cover a range from 0.001 to 0.007 mJy beam−1 in steps of 0.001 mJy beam−1. The angular resolution in radio is and the position angle of the point spread function ellipse is ∼10° (Zhao et al. 2016).

In the text

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