Top panel: cosmic density rate of the three classes of high-energy transients considered: LGRB (yellow line), SGRB (green line), and SNe (orange lines). LGRB and SGRB rates are not corrected for the collimation angle, i.e., they represent the fraction of bursts whose jets are pointed toward the Earth. The CSFR (blue line) is in units of M⊙ yr−1 Gpc−3. All the curves are normalized to their respective local rate (see Tables 1 and 2 for GRBs and SNe, respectively). Bottom panel: derivative of the formation rate curves shown in the top panel. The color-coding is the same. The derivative of SNIbc, IIp coincides with that of the CSFR (blue line in the bottom panel). The horizontal line identifies for each curve the redshift z corresponding to the maximum of the rate curve.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.