Evolution snapshots of MFRs for cases refTDa, htirep, and ltirep at t = 2.4, 1.5, and 1.5, respectively. The Alfvén time τa for these cases equals to 0.21, as shown in Table 1. The geometry of MFRs is shown by the gray current isosurfaces. Panel a: in case refTDa with α = 1, the MFR crashes downward to the photosphere. Panel b: in case htirep with α = 0, no kink happens, but only an expansion occurs. Panel c: in case ltirep with α = 0.9, internal gas pressure balances the toroidal curvature effect at the early stage of this simulation.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.