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Fig. 4


Electron scattering optical depth for the same three cases as in Fig. 3: (1) a star-forming galaxy source (Robertson et al. 2013) (solid line); (2) galaxies plus AGN with λEdd = 1.0 and Γ = 2.5 (long-dashed line); and (3) galaxies plus AGN with λEdd = 1.0 and Γ = 1.7 (dotted line). Also shown is the evolution of τes for galaxies plus an AGN population with a constant black hole mass MBH = 105M. The hatched region represents the most tightly constrained 68% margins of τes as measured by Planck Collaboration (2014b). All four cases fall below this region and, thus, below the best fit value of 0.089.

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