Decomposition of the vertical component of the meridional circulation radial function U2 for a 1.1 M⊙ star (Z = Z⊙) at three different epochs indicated in each panel. Black long dashed lines show the value of U2, while red dashed-dotted, blue dotted, and magenta dashed lines indicate its different components ULJ, UV and UΓ, respectively (see Eq. (22)). Hatched areas indicate the convective envelope.
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