Volume 661, May 2022
|Number of page(s)||21|
|Published online||16 May 2022|
Radio properties of the OH megamaser galaxy IIZw 096
College of Physics, Guizhou University, 550025 Guiyang, PR China
2 Special Astrophysical Observatory of RAS, Nizhny Arkhyz 369167, Russia
3 Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 80 Nandan Road, Shanghai 200030, PR China
4 Center for Astrophysics, GuangZhou University, Guangzhou 510006, PR China
5 Kazan Federal University, 18 Kremlyovskaya St, Kazan 420008, Russia
6 Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Butler University, Indianapolis, IN 36208, USA
7 Department of Physics & Astronomy, Howard University, Washington, DC 20059, USA
Accepted: 28 February 2022
Based on the two-epoch European Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) Network (EVN) archive data from OH line observations of IIZw 096, we confirm that the high-resolution OH emission in this source mainly comes from two spots (OH1 and OH2) of component (comp) D1 of this merging system. We found no significant variations in the OH 1667 MHz line emission, including flux densities and peak positions. The OH 1665 MHz line emission is detected at about the 6σ level in the OH1 region by combining two epochs of EVN observations. By using archival data from the Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA), Very Large Array (VLA), and Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) observations, we investigated the properties of the environment of this component through H I, CO(3-2), and HCO+(4-3) lines and the multi-band radio continuum emission. We found that the comp D1 shows the brightest CO, HCO+ line emission, as well as multi-band radio continuum emission. The environment around D1 shows no clear velocity structure associated with circular motions, making it different from most other OH megamasers (OHMs) in the literature, which might have been caused by an effect during the merger stage. Meanwhile, we found that the CO emission shows three velocity structures around D1, including the central broad full width at half maximum (FWHM) region, the double-peak region where the CO line profile shows two separated peaks, and the region of the high-velocity clouds where the CO line peaks at a high velocity (∼11 000 km s−1). Similarly, H Iobservations in absorption also show high-velocity clouds around the D1 region, which might be due to inflows caused by the merging of two or more galaxy components. Based on the high-resolution K-band VLA and L-band VLBA observations of the radio continuum emission, we derived the brightness temperature in the range 105 K–106 K, which is consistent with other starburst dominant OHM sources in the literature. The multi-band VLA observations show that the radio continuum emission of comp D might also have contributions from free-free emission in addition to synchrotron emission. As a consequence, these results support a starburst origin for the OHMs, without the presence of an active galactic nucleus (AGN).
Key words: galaxies: active / radio lines: galaxies / radio continuum: galaxies
© ESO 2022
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