Volume 656, December 2021
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Published online||13 December 2021|
Simulations of the line-driven instability in magnetic hot star winds
Institute of Astronomy,
Accepted: 7 October 2021
Context. Line-driven winds of hot, luminous stars are intrinsically unstable due to the line-deshadowing instability (LDI). In non-magnetic hot stars, the LDI leads to the formation of an inhomogeneous wind consisting of small-scale, spatially separated clumps that can have great effects on observational diagnostics. However, for magnetic hot stars the LDI generated structures, wind dynamics, and effects on observational diagnostics have not been directly investigated so far.
Aims. We investigated the non-linear development of LDI generated structures and dynamics in a magnetic line-driven wind of a typical O-supergiant.
Methods. We employed two-dimensional axisymmetric magnetohydrodynamic simulations of the LDI using the Smooth Source Function approximation for evaluating the assumed one-dimensional line force. To facilitate the interpretation of these magnetic models, they were compared with a corresponding non-magnetic LDI simulation as well as a magnetic simulation neglecting the LDI.
Results. A central result obtained is that the wind morphology and wind clumping properties change strongly with increasing wind-magnetic confinement. Most notably, in magnetically confined flows, the LDI leads to large-scale, shellular sheets (‘pancakes’) that are quite distinct from the spatially separate, small-scale clumps in non-magnetic line-driven winds. We discuss the impact of these findings for observational diagnostic studies and stellar evolution models of magnetic hot stars.
Key words: radiation: dynamics / magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) / instabilities / stars: early-type / stars: winds, outflows
© ESO 2021
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