Volume 654, October 2021
|Number of page(s)||14|
|Published online||21 October 2021|
Hunting for the nature of the enigmatic narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy PKS 2004-447
Finnish Centre for Astronomy with ESO (FINCA), University of Turku, Vesilinnantie 5, 20014 University of Turku, Finland
2 Aalto University Metsähovi Radio Observatory, Metsähovintie 114, 02540 Kylmälä, Finland
3 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 5, 35122 Padova, Italy
4 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia “G. Galilei”, Università di Padova, Vicolo dell’Osservatorio 3, 35122 Padova, Italy
5 Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, 53121 Bonn, Germany
6 INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, via E. Bianchi 46, 23807 Merate, LC, Italy
7 Department of Physics, Technion 32000, Haifa 32000, Israel
8 Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Camino del Observatorio 1515, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile
9 Department of Astronomy and Physics, Saint Mary’s University, 923 Robie Street, Halifax, NS B3H 3C3, Canada
10 Aalto University Department of Electronics and Nanoengineering, 15500, 00076 Aalto, Finland
11 Las Campanas Observatory, Carnegie Observatories, Colina El Pino, Casilla 601, La Serena, Chile
12 European Space Agency (ESA), European Space Astronomy Centre (ESAC), Camino Bajo del Castillo s/n, 28692 Villanueva de la Cañada, Madrid, Spain
13 Dr. Karl Remeis Observatory, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Sternwartstr. 7, 96049 Bamberg, Germany
14 Lehrstuhl fur Astronomie, Universität Würzburg, Campus Hubland Nord, Emil-Fischer-Strasse 31, 97074 Würzburg, Germany
15 European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Casilla 19, Santiago 19001, Chile
16 Center for Interdisciplinary Exploration and Research in Astrophysics (CIERA), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
Accepted: 30 June 2021
Narrow-line Seyfert 1 (NLS1) galaxies are a class of active galactic nuclei (AGN) that, in some cases, can harbor powerful relativistic jets. One of them, PKS 2004-447, shows γ-ray emission, and underwent its first recorded multifrequency flare in 2019. However, past studies revealed that in radio this source can be classified as a compact steep-spectrum source (CSS), suggesting that, unlike other γ-ray sources, the relativistic jets of PKS 2004-447 have a large inclination with respect to the line of sight. We present here a set of spectroscopic observations of this object, aimed at carefully measuring its black hole mass and Eddington ratio, determining the properties of its emission lines, and characterizing its long term variability. We find that the black hole mass is (1.5 ± 0.2)×107 M⊙, and the Eddington ratio is 0.08. Both values are within the typical range of NLS1s. The spectra also suggest that the 2019 flare was caused mainly by the relativistic jet, while the accretion disk played a minor role during the event. In conclusion, we confirm that PKS 2004-447 is one of the rare examples of γ-ray emitting CSS/NLS1s hybrid, and that these two classes of objects are likely connected in the framework of AGN evolution.
Key words: galaxies: active / galaxies: jets / quasars: supermassive black holes
© ESO 2021
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