Volume 654, October 2021
|Number of page(s)||19|
|Section||Planets and planetary systems|
|Published online||18 October 2021|
The HARPS search for southern extra-solar planets
XLVI. 12 super-Earths around the solar type stars HD 39194, HD 93385, HD 96700, HD 154088, and HD 189567★,★★
Département d’Astronomie, Université de Genève,
Chemin Pegasi 51,
2 Astrophysics Group, Cavendish Laboratory, JJ Thomson Avenue, CB3 0HE Cambridge, UK
3 Physikalisches Institut Universität Bern, Sidlerstrasse 5, 3012 Bern, Switzerland
4 Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, CV4 7AL Coventry, UK
5 Centre for Exoplanets and Habitability, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Road, CV4 7AL Coventry, UK
6 International Center for Advanced Studies (ICAS) and ICIFI (CONICET), ECyT-UNSAM, Campus Miguelete, 25 de Mayo y Francia, (1650) Buenos Aires, Argentina
7 European Southern Observatory, Alonso de Cordova 3107, Vitacura, Santiago, Chile
8 Instituto de Astrofísica e Ciências do Espaço, Universidade do Porto, CAUP, Rua das Estrelas, 4150-762 Porto, Portugal
9 Departamento de Física e Astronomia, Faculdade de Cièncias, Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre, 4169-007 Porto, Portugal
10 Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
11 School of Physics and Astronomy, University of St Andrews, North Haugh, St Andrews, Fife KY16 9SS, UK
12 Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, CNES, LAM, Marseille, France
13 Astrobiology Research Unit, Université de Liège, Allée du 6 Août 19C, 4000 Liège, Belgium
14 Univ. de Toulouse, CNRS, IRAP, 14 avenue Belin, 31400 Toulouse, France
Accepted: 28 July 2021
Context. We present precise radial-velocity measurements of five solar-type stars observed with the HARPS Echelle spectrograph mounted on the 3.6-m telescope in La Silla (ESO, Chile). With a time span of more than 10 yr and a fairly dense sampling, the survey is sensitive to low mass planets down to super-Earths on orbital periods up to 100 days.
Aims. Our goal was to search for planetary companions around the stars HD 39194, HD 93385, HD 96700, HD 154088, and HD 189567 and use Bayesian model comparison to make an informed choice on the number of planets present in the systems based on the radial velocity observations. These findings will contribute to the pool of known exoplanets and better constrain their orbital parameters.
Methods. A first analysis was performed using the Data & Analysis Center for Exoplanets online tools to assess the activity level of the star and the potential planetary content of each system. We then used Bayesian model comparison on all targets to get a robust estimate on the number of planets per star. We did this using the nested sampling algorithm POLYCHORD. For some targets, we also compared different noise models to disentangle planetary signatures from stellar activity. Lastly, we ran an efficient Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm for each target to get reliable estimates for the planets’ orbital parameters.
Results. We identify 12 planets within several multiplanet systems. These planets are all in the super-Earth and sub-Neptune mass regime with minimum masses ranging between 4 and 13 M⊕ and orbital periods between 5 and 103 days. Three of these planets are new, namely HD 93385 b, HD 96700 c, and HD 189567 c.
Key words: techniques: radial velocities / planets and satellites: detection / planetary systems
RV data are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/654/A104
© ESO 2021
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