Volume 654, October 2021
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Galactic structure, stellar clusters and populations|
|Published online||01 October 2021|
Kinematical asymmetry in the dwarf irregular galaxy WLM and a perturbed halo potential
GEPI, Observatoire de Paris, Université PSL, CNRS, Place Jules Janssen, 92195 Meudon, France
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com; Francois.Hammer@obspm.fr
2 Department of Physics, Shahid Beheshti University, G.C., Daneshjou Boulevard, District 1, 19839 Tehran, Iran
Accepted: 6 July 2021
WLM is a dwarf irregular that is seen almost edge-on that has prompted a number of kinematical studies investigating its rotation curve and its dark matter content. In this paper, we investigate the origin of the strong asymmetry of the rotation curve, which shows a significant discrepancy between the approaching and the receding side. We first examine whether an m = 1 perturbation (lopsidedness) in the halo potential could be a mechanism creating such kinematical asymmetry. To do so, we fit a theoretical rotational velocity associated with an m = 1 perturbation in the halo potential model to the observed data via a χ−squared minimization method. We show that a lopsided halo potential model can explain the asymmetry in the kinematic data reasonably well. We then verify that the kinematical classification of WLM shows that its velocity field is significantly perturbed due to both its asymmetrical rotation curve and also its peculiar velocity dispersion map. In addition, based on a kinemetry analysis, we find that it is possible for WLM to lie in the transition region, where the disk and merger coexist. In conclusion, it appears that the rotation curve of WLM diverges significantly from that of an ideal rotating disk, which may significantly affect investigations of its dark matter content.
Key words: Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics / Galaxy: halo / Galaxy: structure / galaxies: dwarf / Local Group
© M. Khademi et al. 2021
Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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