Volume 652, August 2021
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||20 August 2021|
Nebular Hα emission in Type Ia supernova 2016jae
INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, vicolo dell’Osservatorio 5, Padova 35122, Italy
2 Institute of Space Sciences (ICE, CSIC), Campus UAB, Carrer de Can Magrans s/n, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
3 Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University, Yi He Yuan Road 5, Hai Dian District, Beijing 100871, PR China
4 Núcleo de Astronomía de la Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad Diego Portales, Av. Ejéercito 441, Santiago, Chile
5 Millennium Institute of Astrophysics, Santiago, Chile
6 Observatories of the Carnegie Institution for Science, 813 Santa Barbara Street, Pasadena, CA 91101, USA
7 Las Campanas Observatory, Carnegie Observatories, Casilla 601, La Serena, Chile
Accepted: 28 June 2021
There is a wide consensus that Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) originate from the thermonuclear explosion of CO white dwarfs (WDs), with the lack of hydrogen in the observed spectra as a distinctive feature. Here, we present supernova (SN) 2016jae, which was classified as an SN Ia from a spectrum obtained soon after its discovery. The SN reached a B-band peak of −17.93 ± 0.34 mag, followed by a fast luminosity decline with sBV0.56 ± 0.06 and inferred Δm15(B) of 1.88 ± 0.10 mag. Overall, the SN appears to be a ‘transitional’ event between a ‘normal’ SN Ia and a very dim SN Ia, such as 91bg-like SNe. Its peculiarity is that two late-time spectra, taken at +84 and +142 days after the peak, show a narrow line of Hα (with full width at half maximum of ∼650 and 1000 km s−1, respectively). This is the third low-luminosity and fast-declining SN Ia, after SN2018cqj/ATLAS18qtd and SN2018fhw/ASASSN-18tb, found in the 100IAS survey to show a resolved narrow Hα line in emission in its nebular-phase spectra. We argue that the nebular Hα emission originates in an expanding hydrogen-rich shell (with velocity ≤1000 km s−1). The hydrogen shell velocity is too high to be produced during a common envelope phase, though it may be consistent with some material stripped from an H-rich companion star in a single-degenerate progenitor system. However, the derived mass of this stripped hydrogen is ∼0.002–0.003 M⊙, which is much less than that expected (> 0.1 M⊙) from standard models for these scenarios. Another plausible sequence of events is a weak SN ejecta interaction with an H shell ejected by optically thick winds or a nova-like eruption on the CO WD progenitor some years before the SN explosion.
Key words: supernovae: general / supernovae: individual: SN2016jae / supernovae: individual: SN2018cqj / supernovae: individual: SN 2018fhw
© ESO 2021
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