Volume 652, August 2021
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||19 August 2021|
Fourcade-Figueroa galaxy: A clearly disrupted superthin edge-on galaxy⋆
Instituto Argentino de Radioastronomía, CONICET-CICPBA-UNLP, CC5 (1897) Villa Elisa, Prov. de Buenos Aires, Argentina
2 Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas, UNLP, Paseo del Bosque s/n, 1900 La Plata, Argentina
3 Ruhr University Bochum, Faculty of Physics and Astronomy, Astronomical Institute, 44780 Bochum, Germany
4 CSIRO Astronomy and Space Science, Australia Telescope National Facility, PO Box 76 Epping, NSW 1710, Australia
5 Western Sydney University, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia
Accepted: 4 June 2021
Context. Studies of the stellar and the H I gas kinematics in dwarf and low surface brightness (LSB) galaxies are essential for deriving constraints on their dark matter distribution. Moreover, a key component to unveil in the evolution of LSBs is to determine why some of them can be classified as superthin.
Aims. We aim to investigate the nature of the proto-typical superthin galaxy Fourcade-Figueroa (FF) to understand the role played by the dark matter halo in forming its superthin shape and to investigate the mechanism that explains the observed disruption in the approaching side of the galaxy.
Methods. Combining new H I 21 cm observations obtained with the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope with archival data from the Australia Telescope Compact Array we were able to obtain sensitive H I observations of the FF galaxy. These data were modelled with a 3D tilted ring model in order to derive the rotation curve and surface brightness density of the neutral hydrogen. We subsequently used this model, combined with a stellar profile from the literature, to derive the radial distribution of the dark matter in the FF galaxy. Additionally, we used a more direct measurement of the vertical H I gas distribution as a function of the galactocentric radius to determine the flaring of the gas disk.
Results. For the FF galaxy, the Navarro-Frenk-White dark matter distribution provides the best fit to the observed rotation curve. However, the differences with a pseudo-isothermal halo are small. Both models indicate that the core of the dark matter halo is compact. Even though the FF galaxy classifies as superthin, the gas thickness about the galactic centre exhibits a steep flaring of the gas that agrees with the edge of the stellar disk. In addition, FF is clearly disrupted towards its north-west side, clearly observed at optical and H I wavelengths. As suggested previously in the literature, the compact dark matter halo might be the main cause for the superthin structure of the stellar disk in FF. This idea is strengthened through the detection of the disruption; the fact that the galaxy is disturbed also appears to support the idea that it is not isolation that causes its superthin structure.
Key words: galaxies: groups: individual: ESO270-G017 / galaxies: interactions / radio lines: galaxies
The reduced ATCA+GMRT data cube (FITS file) are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (220.127.116.11) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/652/A108
© ESO 2021
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