Volume 651, July 2021
|Number of page(s)||22|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||20 July 2021|
Type Ic supernovae from the (intermediate) Palomar Transient Factory⋆
The Oskar Klein Centre, Department of Astronomy, Stockholm University, AlbaNova, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
2 Division of Physics, Mathematics, and Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
3 Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, Ny Munkegade 120, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark
4 The School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel
5 CIFAR Azrieli Global Scholars Program, CIFAR, Toronto, Canada
6 Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 76100, Israel
7 IPAC, California Institute of Technology, 1200 E. California Blvd, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
8 Los Alamos National Laboratory, D466, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
9 The Caltech Optical Observatories, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA
Accepted: 10 November 2020
Context. Type Ic supernovae represent the explosions of the most stripped massive stars, but their progenitors and explosion mechanisms remain unclear. Larger samples of observed supernovae can help characterize the population of these transients.
Aims. We present an analysis of 44 spectroscopically normal Type Ic supernovae, with focus on the light curves. The photometric data were obtained over 7 years with the Palomar Transient Factory and its continuation, the intermediate Palomar Transient Factory. This is the first homogeneous and large sample of SNe Ic from an untargeted survey, and we aim to estimate explosion parameters for the sample.
Methods. We present K-corrected Bgriz light curves of these SNe, obtained through photometry on template-subtracted images. We performed an analysis on the shape of the r-band light curves and confirmed the correlation between the rise parameter Δm−10 and the decline parameter Δm15. Peak r-band absolute magnitudes have an average of −17.71 ± 0.85 mag. To derive the explosion epochs, we fit the r-band lightcurves to a template derived from a well-sampled light curve. We computed the bolometric light curves using r and g band data, g − r colors and bolometric corrections. Bolometric light curves and Fe II λ5169 velocities at peak were used to fit to the Arnett semianalytic model in order to estimate the ejecta mass Mej, the explosion energy EK and the mass of radioactive nickel M(56Ni) for each SN.
Results. Including 41 SNe, we find average values of ⟨Mej⟩ = 4.50 ± 0.79 M⊙, ⟨EK⟩ = 1.79 ± 0.29 × 1051 erg, and ⟨M56Ni⟩ = 0.19 ± 0.03 M⊙. The explosion-parameter distributions are comparable to those available in the literature, but our large sample also includes some transients with narrow and very broad light curves leading to more extreme ejecta masses values.
Key words: supernovae: general
Light curves are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/651/A81
© ESO 2021
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