Volume 648, April 2021
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||16 April 2021|
Letter to the Editor
First direct identification of the barlens vertical structure in galaxy models
St. Petersburg State University, Universitetskij pr. 28, 198504 St. Petersburg, Stary Peterhof, Russia
2 Central (Pulkovo) Astronomical Observatory of RAS, Pulkovskoye Chaussee 65/1, 196140 St. Petersburg, Russia
Accepted: 26 March 2021
Applying spectral dynamics methods to one typical N-body model with a barlens, we dissect the modelled bar into separate components supported by completely different types of orbits. We identify at least four components: a narrow elongated bar, a boxy bar, and two components contributing to the barlens. We analyse the vertical structure of all components that make up the thick part of the bar, which has a boxy/peanut shape (B/P bulge). We show that the ‘peanut’ shape is mainly due to the orbits that assemble the boxy part of the face-on bar. We associate the X-shape with the narrow and elongated bar. The wider part of the barlens with square-like isophotes contributes to the boxy shape of the B/P bulge when we observe the galaxy edge-on. However, the part of the barlens with rounded isophotes in the face-on view is a rather flat structure in the vertical direction without any significant off-centre protrusions. Thus, for the first time, we demonstrate that the rounded face-on barlens cannot be entirely associated with the B/P bulge.
Key words: galaxies: bulges / galaxies: kinematics and dynamics / galaxies: structure
© ESO 2021
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