Volume 647, March 2021
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Stellar structure and evolution|
|Published online||12 March 2021|
Revisiting the mass- and radius–luminosity relations for FGK main-sequence stars
Univ. Coimbra, CITEUC, Geophysical and Astronomical Observatory, Coimbra, Portugal
2 Univ. Coimbra, CITEUC, Department of Mathematics, Coimbra, Portugal
3 Univ. Coimbra, CITEUC, Department of Physics, Coimbra, Portugal
4 Niels Bohr Institute, Blegdamsvej 17, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
Accepted: 24 January 2021
Context. Scaling relations are very useful tools for estimating unknown stellar quantities. Within this framework, eclipsing binaries are ideal for this goal because their mass and radius are known with a very good level of accuracy, leading to improved constraints on the models.
Aims. We aim to provide empirical relations for the mass and radius as function of luminosity, metallicity, and age. We investigate, in particular, the impact of metallicity and age on those relations.
Methods. We used a multi-dimensional fit approach based on the data from DEBCat, an updated catalogue of eclipsing binary observations such as mass, radius, luminosity, effective temperature, gravity, and metallicity. We used the PARAM web interface for the Bayesian estimation of stellar parameters, along with the stellar evolutionary code MESA to estimate the binary age, assuming a coeval hypothesis for both members.
Results. We derived the mass and radius–luminosity–metallicity–age relations using 56 stars, with metallicity and mass in the range −0.34 < [Fe/H] < 0.27 and 0.66 < M/M⊙ < 1.8. With that, the observed mass and radius are reproduced with an accuracy of 3.5% and 5.9%, respectively, which is consistent with the other results in literature.
Conclusions. We conclude that including the age in such relations increases the quality of the fit, particularly in terms of the mass, as compared to the radius. On the other hand, as otherss authors have noted, we observed an higher dispersion on the mass relation than in that of the radius. We propose that this is due to a stellar age effect.
Key words: binaries: eclipsing / stars: evolution / stars: fundamental parameters / stars: solar-type
© ESO 2021
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