Volume 646, February 2021
|Number of page(s)||17|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||12 February 2021|
Resolved molecular line observations reveal an inherited molecular layer in the young disk around TMC1A★
Leiden Observatory, Leiden University,
Niels Bohrweg 2,
2 Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, No. 1, Sec. 4, Roosevelt Road, Taipei 10617, Taiwan, PR China
3 ASTRON, the Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, Oude Hoogeveensedijk 4, 7991 PD Dwingeloo, The Netherlands
4 Chalmers University of Technology, Onsala Space Observatory, 439 92 Onsala, Sweden
5 Department of Astronomy, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22904, USA
6 Niels Bohr Institute and Centre for Star and Planet Formation, University of Copenhagen, Øster Voldgade 5–7, 1350 Copenhagen K, Denmark
Accepted: 23 October 2020
Context. Physical processes that govern the star and planet formation sequence influence the chemical composition and evolution of protoplanetary disks. Recent studies allude to an early start to planet formation already during the formation of a disk. To understand the chemical composition of protoplanets, we need to constrain the composition and structure of the disks from whence they are formed.
Aims. We aim to determine the molecular abundance structure of the young disk around the TMC1A protostar on au scales in order to understand its chemical structure and any possible implications for disk formation.
Methods. We present spatially resolved Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array observations of CO, HCO+, HCN, DCN, and SO line emission, as well as dust continuum emission, in the vicinity of TMC1A. Molecular column densities are estimated both under the assumption of optically thin emission from molecules in local thermodynamical equilibrium (LTE) as well as through more detailed non-LTE radiative transfer calculations.
Results. Resolved dust continuum emission from the disk is detected between 220 and 260 GHz. Rotational transitions from HCO+, HCN, and SO are also detected from the inner 100 au region. We further report on upper limits to vibrational HCN υ2 = 1, DCN, and N2D+ lines. The HCO+ emission appears to trace both the Keplerian disk and the surrounding infalling rotating envelope. HCN emission peaks toward the outflow cavity region connected with the CO disk wind and toward the red-shifted part of the Keplerian disk. From the derived HCO+ abundance, we estimate the ionization fraction of the disk surface, and find values that imply that the accretion process is not driven by the magneto-rotational instability. The molecular abundances averaged over the TMC1A disk are similar to its protostellar envelope and other, older Class II disks. We meanwhile find a discrepancy between the young disk’s molecular abundances relative to Solar System objects.
Conclusions. Abundance comparisons between the disk and its surrounding envelope for several molecular species reveal that the bulk of planet-forming material enters the disk unaltered. Differences in HCN and H2O molecular abundances between the disk around TMC1A, Class II disks, and Solar System objects trace the chemical evolution during disk and planet formation.
Key words: stars: formation / stars: protostars / ISM: abundances / astrochemistry / ISM: individual objects: TMC1A / protoplanetary disks
The spectral cubes (FITS) are only available at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (126.96.36.199) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/cat/J/A+A/646/A72
© ESO 2021
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.