Volume 644, December 2020
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Cosmology (including clusters of galaxies)|
|Published online||08 December 2020|
The impact of mass map truncation on strong lensing simulations
STAR Institute, Quartier Agora, Allée du six Août 19c, 4000 Liège, Belgium
2 Department of Astronomy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, PR China
3 Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology and Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Accepted: 11 October 2020
Strong gravitational lensing is a powerful tool to measure cosmological parameters and to study galaxy evolution mechanisms. However, quantitative strong lensing studies often require mock observations. To capture the full complexity of galaxies, the lensing galaxy is often drawn from high resolution, dark matter only or hydro-dynamical simulations. These have their own limitations, but the way we use them to emulate mock lensed systems may also introduce significant artefacts. In this work we identify and explore the specific impact of mass truncation on simulations of strong lenses by applying different truncation schemes to a fiducial density profile with conformal isodensity contours. Our main finding is that improper mass truncation can introduce undesired artificial shear. The amplitude of the spurious shear depends on the shape and size of the truncation area as well as on the slope and ellipticity of the lens density profile. Due to this effect, the value of H0 or the shear amplitude inferred by modelling those systems may be biased by several percents. However, we show that the effect becomes negligible provided that the lens projected map extends over at least 50 times the Einstein radius.
Key words: gravitational lensing: strong / methods: numerical
© ESO 2020
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