Volume 644, December 2020
|Number of page(s)||18|
|Section||Interstellar and circumstellar matter|
|Published online||01 December 2020|
A novel analytical model of the magnetic field configuration in the Galactic center
Ruhr University Bochum, Faculty of Physics and Astronomy, RAPP Center, TP IV,
2 Ruhr University Bochum, Faculty of Physics and Astronomy, RAPP Center, Astronomical Institute (AIRUB), 44780, Bochum, Germany
3 IRAP, CNRS, University of Toulouse, 31028 Toulouse Cedex 4, France
Accepted: 7 September 2020
Context. Cosmic-ray propagation is strongly dependent on the large-scale configuration of the Galactic magnetic field. In particular, the Galactic center region provides highly interesting cosmic-ray data from gamma-ray maps and it is clear that a large fraction of the cosmic rays detected at Earth originate in this region of the Galaxy. Yet because of confusion from line-of-sight integration, the magnetic field structure in the Galactic center is not well known and no large-scale magnetic field model exists at present.
Aims. In this paper, we develop a magnetic field model, derived from observational data on the diffuse gas, nonthermal radio filaments, and molecular clouds.
Methods. We derive an analytical description of the magnetic field structure in the central molecular zone by combining observational data with the theoretical modeling of the basic properties of magnetic fields.
Results. We provide a first description of the large-scale magnetic field in the Galactic center region. We present first test simulations of cosmic-ray propagation and the impact of the magnetic field structure on the cosmic-ray distribution in the three dimensions.
Conclusions. Our magnetic field model is able to describe the main features of polarization maps; it is particularly important to note that they are significantly better than standard global Galactic magnetic field models. It can also be used to model cosmic-ray propagation in the Galactic center region more accurately.
Key words: ISM: magnetic fields / ISM: structure / cosmic rays / Galaxy: center
© ESO 2020
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