Volume 643, November 2020
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Letters to the Editor|
|Published online||27 October 2020|
Letter to the Editor
Aluminium-enriched metal-poor stars buried in the inner Galaxy
Instituto de Astronomía y Ciencias Planetarias, Universidad de Atacama, Copayapu 485, Copiapó, Chile
2 Institut Utinam, CNRS-UMR 6213, Université Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, OSU THETA Franche-Comté, Observatoire de Besançon, BP 1615, 251010 Besançon Cedex, France
3 Department of Physics and JINA Center for the Evolution of the Elements, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA
4 Depto. de Cs. Físicas, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Andrés Bello, Av. Fernández Concha 700, Las Condes, Santiago, Chile
5 Vatican Observatory, 00120 Vatican City State, Italy
6 School of Physics and Astronomy, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai 519082, PR China
7 Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Concepción, Casilla 160-C, Concepción, Chile
8 Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de La Serena, Avenida Juan Cisternas 1200, La Serena, Chile
9 Instituto de Investigación Multidisciplinario en Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad de La Serena, Benavente 980, La Serena, Chile
10 Universidade de São Paulo, IAG, Rua do Matão 1226, Cidade Universitária, São Paulo 05508-900, Brazil
Accepted: 2 October 2020
Stars with higher levels of aluminium and nitrogen enrichment are often key pieces in the chemical makeup of multiple populations in almost all globular clusters (GCs). There is also compelling observational evidence that some Galactic components could be partially built from dissipated GCs. The identification of such stars among metal-poor field stars may therefore provide insight into the composite nature of the Milky Way (MW) bulge and inner stellar halo, and could also reveal other chemical peculiarities. Here, based on APOGEE spectra, we report the discovery of 29 mildly metal-poor ([Fe/H] ≲ −0.7) stars with stellar atmospheres strongly enriched in aluminium (Al-rich stars: [Al/Fe] ≳ +0.5), well above the typical Galactic levels, located within the solar radius toward the bulge region, which lies in highly eccentric orbits (e ≳ 0.6). We find many similarities for almost all of the chemical species measured in this work with the chemical patterns of GCs, and therefore we propose that they have likely been dynamically ejected into the bulge and inner halo from GCs formed in situ and/or GCs formed in different progenitors of known merger events experienced by the MW, such as the Gaia-Sausage-Enceladus and/or Sequoia.
Key words: stars: abundances / stars: chemically peculiar / Galaxy: bulge / globular clusters: general / Galaxy: stellar content / Galaxy: kinematics and dynamics
© ESO 2020
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